The symptoms of skin dermatitis conditions can vary, depending on the situation and the age of the person.
Eczema generally occurs in infants with the appearance of scaly and dry patches on the skin that are itchy and usually develop before the age of five years.
People suffering from eczema will often experience different symptoms than children, and it can happen that the symptoms will clear up or improve during certain periods and worsen or flare up at other times. Read on to learn more.
Eczema Symptoms In Adults
- Rashes that generally occur in the nape of the neck and in the creases of elbows or knees.
- Rashes covering large areas of the body.
- Rashes that are protuberant on the face, neck or around the eye areas.
- Rashes that are itchy, causing very dry skin and lead to skin infections.
- Rashes that have a scaly appearance.
Adults who suffered from atopic dermatitis as a child but no longer have the condition may still have hand eczema, eye problems and easily-irritated or dry skin.
The more a person scratches the area which is infected, the more irritated the skin will become, worsening the itching and increase the risk of inflammation.
Sadly, no cure exists for eczema. However, treatment for the condition can be done to heal the affected skin and the prevention of symptoms and flare-ups. Texas League City dermatologist can suggest a treatment plan based on the person’s symptoms, age and their current state of health.
For some individuals, eczema can disappear over time, but for others, it will remain a long-term condition.
Home Care Suggestions For Alleviating The Symptoms:
- Moisturising the skin every day with products that don’t include chemicals that are known skin irritants.
- Applying the moisturiser within three minutes after bathing to ensure the moisture is locked in.
- Avoid bathing in too hot bath water, rather take lukewarm baths.
- Avoid wearing tight-fitting, rough or scratchy fibres and stick to soft fabrics or cotton garments.
- Make use of organic cleansers or mild soaps.
- Avoid rubbing your skin dry after taking a bath, instead gently pat with a towel or air dry when possible.
- Try to avoid exercises that cause you to sweat or with rapid temperature fluctuations.
- Avoid triggers that may cause a flare-up.
Many medications can be prescribed to alleviate the symptoms of eczema.
- Systemic corticosteroids
- Topical corticosteroid ointments or creams
- Antibiotics (when eczema is concurrent with a bacterial skin infection)
- Antifungal and antiviral medication
- Antihistamines (especially helpful during the night to avoid scratching while asleep)
- Barrier repair moisturisers
- Phototherapy (exposure to ultraviolet A or B waves for treatment of common dermatitis)
Causes of Eczema
The specific cause is not yet determined but is believed to be developing due to a combination of environmental and genetic issues that include:
- Irritants in detergent, soap, shampoo, disinfectant or certain fruits, vegetables and meats.
- Allergens such as pets, pollens, mould, dandruff and dust mites.
- Microbial bacteria such as a virus, certain fungi and Staphylococcus aureus.
- Fluctuations in skin temperature caused by very hot or cold weather, sweating from exercise or low humidity.
- Foods including dairy, eggs, nuts & seeds, wheat etc.
- Stress can worsen the symptoms.
- Hormonal changes.